Types Of Diagnoses

Mental Health
2. Getting Started


Types Of Diagnoses

A diagnosis gives a name to the set of mental, emotional, and behavioral challenges you are experiencing. Knowing your diagnosis is an important step toward getting the treatment you need, and it may even be necessary to have a
diagnosis to get into certain services, placements, schools, or housing programs.

There are many different types of diagnoses. You may hear your caseworker, doctor, or lawyer using the words described below, and it is important for you to understand what they are saying.

Axis I diagnoses are what you probably think of when you think of psychiatric problems or mental health disorders. Some common Axis I diagnoses are Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Anxiety Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Conduct Disorder (CD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Schizophrenia.

Axis II diagnoses include Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation.

Questions to ask after an evaluation:

  • What is my diagnosis? What does it mean exactly?
  • Will I be taking medication? Why? What types and how often? What are the expected side effects of these medications?
  • Will I be seeing a therapist or psychiatrist? How often? Where?
  • Will I have to go to a different school? Is there another school that may be a better fit for me?
  • Can I stay in my current placement? Is there another placement that may be a better fit for me?
  • Am I receiving the right services? Are there services available to me that I am not yet receiving?