Education for Youth


ACS or the Administration for Children’s Services
The city agency that is responsible for caring for young people in foster care.

ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A diagnosis that is classified as "Other Health Impairment" on an IEP and often qualifies a young person for special education services.Audiology Services: services offered to children ages 0-3 who are receiving early Intervention and have hearing loss.

BIP or Behavior Intervention Plan
A service schools should offer to children who have difficulty managing their behavior in class.

CBO or Community-Based Organization
An organization that offers pre-Kindergarten programs, after-school programs, and other free services to children and families.

CCRB or Civilian Complaint Review Board
An independent nonpolice agency that investigates complaints made about New York City police officers. You can contact them to make a complaint about a police officer by calling 311.

Community School
A regular education school that has both special education and general education classes.

CPSE or the Committee on Preschool Special Education
An office within the DOE that is responsible for creating IEPs and placing preschool-aged students 3-5 in special education programs.

CSE or the Committee on Special Education
An office within the DOE that is responsible for creating IEPs, completing evaluations, and placing students between the ages of 5 and 21 in special education programs, including those students who are returning to NYC from placements outside of the city.

A parent or surrogate parent can "declassify" their child from special education services at any time. Once declassified, the child is placed in general education and no longer has an IEP or receives special education services.

EI or Early Intervention
Early Intervention is a program provided by the New York City Department of Heath for children who are 0 to 3 years old who need services to help them meet their developmental milestones.

ELL or English Language Learner
A student whose primary language is not English.

ESL or English as a Second Language
A program offered to students whose primary language is not English to ensure those students are simultaneously learning English and progressing academically.

GED or General Equivalency Diploma
A diploma alternative for students who did not graduate from high school. The GED is awarded after a student passes the GED test, which has five sections: Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Social Studies, and Science.

GED Access
Full-time GED programs throughout the city offered by the DOE for young people ages 18 to 21. GED Access also offers Learning to Work programs onsite.GED Plus: full-time and part-time GED programs throughout the city offered by the DOE for young people ages 18 to 21.

The socially- and culturally-defined idea of what is masculine or feminine based on identity, appearance, and behavior.

Head Start
A school readiness program for economically- disadvantaged children ages 3 to 5.

Hearing Officers
The DOE employs impartial hearing officers to decide whether students have committed acts warranting a superintendent’s suspension. If so, they also decide how long the suspension period should last.

IAB or Internal Affairs Bureau
The office that investigates New York City police officers. They also investigate complaints made about School Safety Officers.

IDEA or the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
A federal law that governs how state and public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services to children with disabilities.

IEP or Individualized Education Program
A federally-mandated document created by a school and parent for a child who receives special education services, which details the academic and emotional needs and goals to be addressed each school year.

IEP Diploma
A certificate received by a special education student. An IEP diploma signifies that a special education student has completed 12 years of schooling and met the goals set forth on his or her IEP.

IFSP or Individual Family Service Plan
The document detailing what services a child and family will receive if approved for Early Intervention.

LTW or Learning to Work
A program that offers in-depth job readiness and career-exploration activities at select Transfer Schools, YABCs, and GED Access programs.

LYFE or Living for the Young Family through Education
A program that supports pregnant and parenting students enrolled in DOE schools by providing childcare and referral services.

NYC DOE or the New York City Department of Education
The city agency that is responsible for providing education to students between the ages of 5 and 21 in New York City.

OEO or the Office of Equal Opportunity
A part of the NYC DOE that investigates complaints about discrimination and sexual harassment by school personnel.

OSI or the Office of Special Investigations
Part of the NYC DOE that investigates student complaints about verbal and physical abuse by school personnel.

Principal’s Suspension
A short-term suspension lasting between 1 and 5 school days, during which students are entitled to receive alternate instruction to continue their schoolwork.

Regents Exams
Five exams that every general education high school student in New York State is required to pass with a score of 65 or higher in order to graduate. Special education students may be able to pass with a lower score in order to graduate.

Respite Services
Services offered to families with children ages 0 to 3 who are receiving Early Intervention and need assistance in caring for a child with multiple needs.

SBST or School Based Support Team
The group of professionals at a school who administer special education evaluations and conduct IEP meetings.

Sexual orientation
The direction of a person’s sexual and romantic attractions, such as "gay," "lesbian," "bisexual," or "straight."

Specialized school
An NYC school for students with higher needs for special education services than can be met in regular education schools. Specialized schools offer more structure and supportive services than regular education school settings. There are specialized elementary, middle, and high schools throughout the five boroughs.

SSO or School Safety Officer
A member of the New York Police Department’s school safety division. They can stop, question, search, handcuff and arrest students and adults.

Superintendent’s Suspension
A long-term suspension lasting longer than 5 school days. Students are entitled to a suspension hearing where an attorney may represent them and in which the school has to prove the student committed the act for which he or she was suspended.

Vocational School
A school that assists students in learning and acquiring a certificate for certain skills like carpentry, electrical work, plumbing, or food services. The School of Cooperative Technical Education (Co-Op Tech) in NYC offers half-day career and technical training courses for students who are enrolled in academic courses in another DOE school or program, including GED Plus and Access.

YABC or Young Adult Borough Centers
This program is equivalent to night school. Students go to school after 4pm to earn credits towards graduation. YABCs are focused on students who are 17 and older, have been in high school for at least 5 years and have earned at least 17 credits.

Zoned school
A zoned school is one that is designated for certain addresses. Not every neighborhood has a zoned school, but for those students who reside in a neighborhood that does, they are given preference to attend that school over students who do not live in the zoned school’s neighborhood.